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اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
Essrae
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مُساهمةموضوع: * * * * * * * |!|هـــــــــام|!| اغلبية writing التي تخطر على بالك انشاء الله تلقاها هناااااااااااا   الثلاثاء مارس 23, 2010 2:35 am

amإخــــواني فــي ألله

-أضع
بين أيديكم جمــــيع المواضيع الإنشائية (the writhings) التي يمكن أن
تعطى في امتحان الباكلوريا فأرجو ألا تبخلوا علي من صالح دعائكم

-وأسأل ألله تعالى أن يوفقنا الى طريق ألنجاح انشاء ألله -

BrAh!MoCrO

.


★★
★★★★
★★★★★★★★
★★★★★★★★★★★★
★★★★★★★★★★★★
★★★★★★★★
★★★★
★★
.

.................................

********

********
is obviously a vital tool not only is it a means of communicating
thoughts and ideas, but it forges friendship cultural ties and economic
relationship.

Throughout history many have reflected on
importance of ******** for instance ******** shapes thoughts and
emotions , determining one’s perception of reality .******** is not
only a vehicle for the expression of thoughts , perceptions ,
sentiments and values , It also represent ; a fundamental expression of
social identity .

******** of course is knowledge and in our world today, knowledge is on the key factor in competitiveness.

Brains
and knowledge are what create the prosperity and growth we tend to take
for granted .In an advanced industrial society in an increasingly
interdependent world the knowledge of other ********s becomes
indispensable.

In short, it’s very important to learn foreign ********s but without forget your identity.

-----------------------------------------------


Throughout
the research on brain drain in developing countries many supporters
suggest that remittances encourage economic growth. But, my research
question is how can remittances spur development in social sectors? Can
remittances be enough to compensate for the lost of highly skilled
workers? I do not believe that a country can develop without sufficient
manpower in social services such as education and
*health. Finally, I will examine how the lost of these workers affect residing citizens and future of the third world countries.


.........................................................................................


internet

The
Internet is a worldwide, publicly accessible network of interconnected
computer networks that transmit data by packet switching using the
standard Internet Protocol (IP). It is a "network of networks" that
consists of millions of smaller domestic, academic, business, and
government networks, which together carry various information and
services, such as electronic mail, online chat, file transfer, and the
interlinked *** pages and other ********s of the world wide ***.
The
USSR's launch of Sputnik spurred the United States to create the
Advanced Research Projects Agency, known as ARPA, in February 1958 to
regain a technological lead.[1][2] ARPA created the Information
Processing Technology Office (IPTO) to further the research of the Semi
Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) program, which had networked
country-wide radar systems together for the first time. J. C. R.
Licklider was selected to head the IPTO, and saw universal networking
as a potential

----------------------------------------------

unifying human revolution
Licklider
had moved from the Psycho-Acoustic Laboratory at Harvard University to
MIT in 1950, after becoming interested in information technology. At
MIT, he served on a committee that established Lincoln Laboratory and
worked on the SAGE project. In 1957 he became a Vice President at BBN,
where he bought the first production PDP-1 computer and conducted the
first public demonstration of time-sharing.
At the IPTO, Licklider
recruited Lawrence Roberts to head a project to implement a network,
and Roberts based the technology on the work of Paul Baran who had
written an exhaustive study for the U.S. Air Force that recommended
packet switching (as opposed to circuit switching) to make a network
highly robust and survivable. After much work, the first node went live
at UCLA on October 29, 1969 on what would be called the ARPANET, one of
the "eve" networks of today's Internet. Following on from this, the
British Post Office, Western Union International and Tymnet
collaborated to create the first international packet switched network,
referred to as the International Packet Switched Service (IPSS), in
1978. This network grew from Europe and the US to cover Canada, Hong
Kong and Australia by 1981.
The first TCP/IP-wide area network was
operational by January 1, 1983, when the United States' National
Science Foundation (NSF) constructed a university network backbone that
would later become the NSFNet.
It was then followed by the opening
of the network to commercial interests in 1985. Important, separate
networks that offered gateways into, then later merged with, the NSFNet
include Usenet, BITNET and the various commercial and educational
networks, such as X.25, Compuserve and JANET. Telenet (later called
Sprintnet) was a large privately-funded national computer network with
free dial-up access in cities throughout the U.S. that had been in
operation since the 1970s. This network eventually merged with the
others in the 1990s as the TCP/IP protocol became increasingly popular.
The ability of TCP/IP to work over these pre-existing communication
networks, especially the international X.25 IPSS network, allowed for a
great ease of growth. Use of the term "Internet" to describe a single
global TCP/IP network originated around this time.


----------------------------------------------

Terrorism
Terrorism
is a term used to describe violence or other harmful acts.they are
classified terrorism into six categories.Civil Disorders.Political
Terrorism .Non-Political Terrorism.Quasi-Terrorism.Limited Political
Terrorism .Official or State TerrorismTerrorist attacks are often
targeted to maximize fear and publicity. They usually use explosives or
poison, but there is also concern about terrorist attacks using weapons
of mass destruction. Terrorist organizations usually methodically plan
attacks in advance, and may train participants, plant "undercover"
agents, and raise money from supporters or through organized crime.
Communication may occur through modern telecommunications, or through
old-fashioned methods such as couriers.The con**** in which terrorist
tactics are used is often a large-scale, unresolved political conflict.
The type of conflict varies widely; historical examples include:
Secession of a territory to form a new sovereign state
Dominance of territory or resources by various ethnic groups
Imposition of a particular form of government, such as democracy, theocracy, or anarchy
Economic deprivation of a population
Opposition to a domestic government or occupying army


---------------------------------------------

A revolution
A
revolution (from Late Latin revolutio which means "a turn around") is a
significant change that usually occurs in a relatively short period of
time. Variously defined revolutions have been happening throughout
human history. They vary in terms of numbers of their participants
(revolutionaries), means employed by them, duration, motivating
ideology and many other aspects. They may result in a socio-political
change in the socio-political institutions, or a major change in a
culture or economy. Scholarly debates about what is and what is not a
revolution center around several issues. Early study of revolutions
primarily analyzed events in European history from psychological
perspective[citation needed], soon however new theories were offered
using explanations for more global events and using works from other
social sciences such as sociology and political sciences. Several
generations of scholarly thought have generated many competing theories
on revolutions, gradually increasing our understanding of this complex
phenomenon

-----------------------------------------------

Dropping from school

The
fact that student drop off from school is a serious problems that
hinders the progress of student first and then the level of national
education .

Most of students who drop off from school are poor,
they speak their incapability of supplying, their parents obliged them
to drop off from and look for a job to help the family .

Other
reason may be attributed to the students indifference .those students
who stop going to school are villagers because they don’t attend
classes doing some agricultural work instead.

Other ex-students
attest that leaving school is not an idea that comes at random but as a
reaction to the dissatisfaction resulted by those who have attained
their degrees but gained no work after .

The government must do
some serious attempts so that students can keep up with their studies
no matter what circumstances are .Also it should set plan to improve
the educational system to most attainable one that open minds and doors
_________________

*(^تــوقيــعي^)*
[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
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العمل/الترفيه : ☺☺
المزاج : FôKàK :D

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: * * * * * * * |!|هـــــــــام|!| اغلبية writing التي تخطر على بالك انشاء الله تلقاها هناااااااااااا   الثلاثاء مارس 23, 2010 2:36 am

women
Millions
of women throughout the world live in conditions of abject deprivation
of, and attacks against, their fundamental human rights for no other
reason than that they are women.
Combatants and their sympathizers
in conflicts, such as those in Sierra Leone, Kosovo, the Democratic
Republic of Congo, Afghanistan, and Rwanda, have raped women as a
weapon of war with near complete impunity. Men in Pakistan, South
Africa, Peru, Russia, and Uzbekistan beat women in the home at
astounding rates, while these governments alternatively refuse to
intervene to protect women and punish their batterers or do so
haphazardly and in ways that make women feel culpable for the violence.
As a direct result of inequalities found in their countries of origin,
women from Ukraine, Moldova, Nigeria, the Dominican Republic, Burma,
and Thailand are bought and sold, trafficked to work in forced
prostitution, with insufficient government attention to protect their
rights and punish the traffickers. In Guatemala, South Africa, and
Mexico, women's ability to enter and remain in the work force is
obstructed by private employers who use women's reproductive status to
exclude them from work and by discriminatory employment laws or
discriminatory enforcement of the law. In the U.S., students
discriminate against and attack girls in school who are lesbian,
bi-خطأual, or transgendered, or do not conform to male standards of
female behavior. Women in Morocco, Jordan, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia
face government-sponsored discrimination that renders them unequal
before the law - including discriminatory family codes that take away
women's legal authority and place it in the hands of male family
members - and restricts women's participation in public life


********s
A
******** is a system used to facilitate communication among higher
animals and/or computers. This article is about the fundamental
features typically found in nearly all natural human ********s. For
information about artificial ********s specifically for computers,
please see instead machine code. Higher animals believed to employ
audible ******** only, without symbols, include, but are not limited
to, dolphins and whales. For information about this subject, please see
"Animal communication" instead


English
World science is
dominated today by a small number of ********s, but English which is
probably is the most popular global ******** of science and of modern
technology that because many reason: first it is international ********
and the majority of country used it as their home ********, In addition
to that you can understand what happen in the world, in the other hand
you can understand the new technology, moreover we see that the people
that speak more than two ******** have a chance to get a better job
than the other people who can speak just one. And also it is very
important to student who want finish their Hight study in university.
Finally English will become more important in the future and more using in all things

----------------------------------------

right of women
Nowadays we take it for
granted that women have the same rights as men before the first world war few people believed this.
As
far as work was concerned there were jobs wich were regarded as women`s
jobs and other wiche were regarded as men`s jobs. Women`s jobs were
generally lower paid as men`s. Men did almost all the heavy jobs in
industry or in transport.
Women had jobs like dress-making,cleanning or worked as servants.
Women`s
main role was as being to raise childeren and look for their home.
Women were not expected to take position of leaderschip. Women were not
even allowed to vote in elections.
Before the war some women had
been struggling to achieve greater equality with men. The most famous
of these had been the suffragettes who stagged a violent campaign
against the govervment from 1905 to 1914 trying to achieve the right to
vote.however, at the outbreak of war, the were still no near to
success. Many men argued that women were unsuited to such
responsibility that women could not be trusted to vote sensibly that
women should not concern themselves with such male activities and
voting.
During the war many things changed


_________________

*(^تــوقيــعي^)*
[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: * * * * * * * |!|هـــــــــام|!| اغلبية writing التي تخطر على بالك انشاء الله تلقاها هناااااااااااا   الثلاثاء مارس 23, 2010 2:37 am

Poverty is becoming a serious problems for many
countries , it affects the whole society and delays the development of
the country .

Poor families very often have health problems ,
because they have lot of children , parents are unable to provide
medicine for them ,also they cant send them to school since schooling
is expensive , they send them instead to work and bring them money , so
when members of society are unhealthy or illiterate this affect the
development of the country .

Poverty is a serious problem, an
enemy that government should fight by trying to make all members of
society benefit from the resources of their country and work for its
development.

---------------------------------------------------

Parents-children relationship

Parents-children
relationship differ from one family to another. While some parents
complain that their children don’t listen to them anymore, children on
the other hand complain that their parents don’t understand them any
longer .

My relationship with my parents is a good one , I
respect them and understand them, the allow me to choose my friends my
cloths to travel alone and to invite friends home, however , they are
very strict when it comes to my homework or staying late out late at
night .

To have a good parents-relationship is very easy thing
if both parents and children make efforts to create such a kind of
relation ship.

--------------------------------------------------

Traffic problems

There
are many dangers when driving in a big city , traffic jams, road rage,
car jacking drive-by- shootings ,smash-and-grabs , accidents or purpose
ambulance chasers , corrupt police , touring ,companies that can grab
your car in ten seconds .the list goes on.

Traffic jams are
caused by drivers who tailgate and try to drive faster than the flow of
traffic , when drivers merge at the last second , they have to step on
their brakes , and that causes the tailgaters behind them to step on
their brakes , roads rage occurs when someone loses self-control , some
driver is going too fast , this causes a clash , there are many reasons
behind the traffic jams problem.

The latter can also be
attributed to the road code, violation , speed and carelessness , other
reasons such as natural factors are involved ,snow , obscurity, and
rain are most of them , one other cause is the poor infra-structure .

Understanding
these very real dangers will help you learn how to avoid or prevent
traffic problems .drivers should drive safely and learn to maintain
self-control , the driver should be a street-wise so that he can take
the necessary precautions.

----------------------------------------------------

Television
?Television has became part of our every day life .what are its advantages and disadvantages
On
the one hand, TV has became the most influential means of the mass
media because it has both sound and picture .it's also the most popular
source of information education and international , in brief TV brings
the whole word to us.
One the other hand TV develops passive and
lazy viewers .it also prevents communication between the members of the
family besides students don't their homwork and may became aggressive
when they watch films of violence.


-------------------------------------------------

war
WAR
is one of the wost crime that pople have ever made to the humanity.
that's why we should know why some ediot poeple can't stand leaving in
peace becuase
the best thing that can draw the smile on every one's
face is the peace. but in reality we have a deferent image to the
world, we see that no one want to respect the right of other or want's
to enslave poeple or take there weals, and they make some silly reasons
to get what they want exactly like what happend to
our brothers in iraq.
war also creat a very bad destarction and ruin in everywhere.
and
from the main point we can say that poepl in stean of burning world
they have to to learn how to leave in peace and creat the happiness
instead of hate and killing.


---------------------------------------------

Working children
Child
labour is one of the problems that many countries face, there are
various causes that drive children to work some of them drop out of
school in order to help their poor or sick parents others have to work
because they are orphans. In addiction some parents are ignorant they
think education is a waste of time.
Working children face a tough
life; in factories and mines they work in bad conditions no fresh air,
long hours they may be injured by machines they are also deprived of
education and childhood
_________________

*(^تــوقيــعي^)*
[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
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Essrae
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: * * * * * * * |!|هـــــــــام|!| اغلبية writing التي تخطر على بالك انشاء الله تلقاها هناااااااااااا   الثلاثاء مارس 23, 2010 2:38 am

air pollution can effect our health in many ways with
a both short-term effects different groups of individuals are effected
by air pollution in different ways .some individualsare much more
sensitive to pollutants than are others. young children and elderly
people after suffer môre from effects of air pollution.poeple with
health problems such asthma .heart and lung disease may olso suffer
more when the air is poolluted the extent to wich in individual is
harmed by air pollution usualy depends on the total to the damaging
chimicals i.e the duration of exposure and the concentration of the
chimicals must be taken into account..this s the end of pragraph i wish
to benefit it ok


--------------------------------------------

Humain rights
The
concept of human rights has existed under several names in European
thought for many centuries, at least since the time of King John of
England. After the king violated a number of ancient laws and customs
by which England had been governed, his subjects forced him to sign the
Magna Carta, or Great Charter, which enumerates a number of what later
came to be thought of as human rights. Among them were the right of the
church to be free from governmental interference, the rights of all
free citizens to own and inherit property and be free from excessive
taxes. It established the right of widows who owned property to choose
not to remarry, and established principles of due process and equality
before the law. It also contained provisions forbidding bribery and
official misconduct.
The political and religious traditions in other
parts of the world also proclaimed what have come to be called human
rights, calling on rulers to rule justly and compassionately, and
delineating limits on their power over the lives, property, and
activities of their citizens.
In the eighteenth and nineteenth
centuries in Europe several philosophers proposed the concept of
"natural rights," rights belonging to a person by nature and because he
was a human being, not by virtue of his citizenship in a particular
country or membership in a particular religious or ethnic group. This
concept was vigorously debated and rejected by some philosophers as
baseless. Others saw it as a formulation of the underlying principle on
which all ideas of citizens' rights and political and religious liberty
were based.
In the late 1700s two revolutions occurred which drew
heavily on this concept. In 1776 most of the British colonies in North
America proclaimed their independence from the British Empire in a
******** which still stirs feelings, and debate, the U.S. Declaration
of Independence


---------------------------------------------------

Business
In
economics, business is the social science of managing people to
organize and maintain collective productivity toward accomplishing
particular creative and productive goals, usually to generate profit.
The
etymology of "business" refers to the state of being busy, in the
con**** of the individual as well as the community or society. In other
words, to be busy is to be doing commercially viable and profitable
work.
The term "business" has at least three usages, depending on
the scope — the general usage (above), the singular usage to refer to a
particular company or corporation, and the generalized usage to refer
to a particular market sector, such as "the record business," "the
computer business," or "the business community" -- the community of
suppliers of goods and services.
The singular "business" can be a
legally-recognized entity within an economically free society, wherein
individuals organize based on expertise and skills to bring about
social and technological advancement.
In predominantly capitalist
economies, businesses are typically formed to earn profit and grow the
personal wealth of their owners.
The owners and operators of a
business have as one of their main objectives the receipt or generation
of a financial return in exchange for their work — that is, the expense
of time and energy — and for their acceptance of risk — investing work
and money without certainty of success.
Notable exceptions to this rule include some businesses which are cooperatives, or government institutions.
However,
the exact definition of business is disputable as is business
philosophy; for example, some Marxists use "means of production" as a
rough synonym for "business"; however a more accurate definition of
"means of production" would be the resources and apparatus by which
products and services are created.
Control of these resources and
apparatus results in control of business activity, and so, while they
are very closely related, they are not the same thing.
Socialists
advocate either government, public, or worker ownership of most sizable
businesses. Some advocate a mixed economy of private and state-owned
enterprises. Others advocate a capitalist economy where all, or nearly
all, enterprises are privately owned.
Business Studies is taught as a subject in many schools
_________________

*(^تــوقيــعي^)*
[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
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العمل/الترفيه : ☺☺
المزاج : FôKàK :D

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: * * * * * * * |!|هـــــــــام|!| اغلبية writing التي تخطر على بالك انشاء الله تلقاها هناااااااااااا   الثلاثاء مارس 23, 2010 2:39 am

For the first twenty years of motion picture history most
silent films were short--only a few minutes in length. At first a
novelty, and then increasingly an art form and literary form, silent
films reached greater complexity and length in the early 1910's. The
films on the list above represent the greatest achievements of the
silent era, which ended--after years of experimentation--in 1929 when a
means of recording sound that would be synchronous with the recorded
image was discovered. Few silent films were made in the 1930s, with the
exception of Charlie Chaplin, whose character of the Tramp perfected
expressive physical moves in many short films in the 1910's and 1920s.
When the silent era ended, Chaplin refused to go along with sound;
instead, he maintained the melodramatic Tramp as his mainstay in City
Lights (1931) and Modern Times (1936). The trademarks of Chaplin's
Tramp were his ill-fitting suit, floppy over-sized shoes and a bowler
hat, and his ever-present cane. A memorable image is Chaplin's Tramp
shuffling off, penguin-like, into the sunset and spinning his cane
whimsically as he exits. He represented the "little guy," the underdog,
someone who used wit and whimsy to defeat his adversaries.
Eisenstein's
contribution to the development of cinema rested primarily in his
theory of editing, or montage, which focused on the collision of
opposites in order to create a new entity. One of the greatest
achievements in editing is the Odessa Steps sequence, in his film
Potemkin (1925). Eisenstein intercut between shots of townspeople
trapped on the steps by Czarist troops, and shots of the troops firing
down upon the crowd. Members of the crowd became individual characters
to viewers as the montage continued. Within the editing track the fate
of these individuals was played out. A mother picks up her dead child
and confronts the troops. Then she is shot. A student looks on in
terror and then flees--his fate uncertain. An old woman prays to be
spared, but she is killed by a soldier who slashes her face with his
saber. When a woman holding her baby carriage is killed, she falls to
the steps, and the carriage begins a precipitous decline--shots of the
baby crying are intercut with wide shots of the carriage rolling down
the steps. To Eisenstein, each individual shot contributed an energy
within the editing track that yielded far more than the sum total of
shots. In other words, the "combination" of shots through editing
created a new entity, based on the expressive emotional energy
unleashed through the editing process.


---------------------------------------------

Emmigration
Morocco
recently saw a migration of the population of cities and villages me
especially in the last 50 years that happened Leone Morocco for
independence. What are the reasons that drive housing villages to
migrate to cities? And what are the causes of migrations out of the
negative impact?
-There is a range of reasons why the villagers to
the cities Tahgerh me among them lack even the most basic means
necessary hospitals and transportation means Finding work
Mestekareaulthossein circumstances of living .................. ect .
The result eased the congestion entire towns and neighborhoods Baladi
shanties and Tahera begging and the use of young children Resulting
from the whole circumcision eased some tragic scenes
-Finally, I
wish to state that changed everything in their power to stop the
advance of the pious and out of control the situation


---------------------------------------------

education
Education
encompasses teaching and learning specific skills, and also something
less tangible but more profound: the imparting of knowledge, good
judgement and wisdom. Education has as one of its fundamental goals the
imparting of culture from generation to generation (see socialization).
Education means 'to draw out', facilitating realisation of
self-potential and latent talents of an individual. It is an
application of pedagogy, a body of theoretical and applied research
relating to teaching and learning and draws on many disciplines such as
psychology, philosophy, computer science, linguistics, neuroscience,
sociology and anthropology.
The education of an individual human
begins at birth and continues throughout life. (Some believe that
education begins even before birth, as evidenced by some parents'
playing music or reading to the baby in the womb in the hope it will
influence the child's development.) For some, the struggles and
triumphs of daily life provide far more instruction than does formal
schooling (thus Albert Einstein's admonition to "never let school
interfere with your education"). Family members may have a profound
educational effect — often more profound than they realize — though
family teaching may function very informally
. our food.
In
conclusion, these problems are growing daily because people don't want
to change their lifestyle. People need to be educated so they will stop
damaging our planet.
Furthermore,governments should take actions to prevent individuals and companies from harming their environment


---------------------------------------------

Terrorism
Terrorism
is a term used to describe violence or other harmful acts. Terrorism
expert Walter Laqueur in 1999 has counted over 100 definitions and
concludes that the "only general characteristic generally agreed upon
is that terrorism involves violence and the threat of violence". Most
definitions of terrorism include only those acts which are intended to
create fear or "terror", are perpetrated for an ideological goal (as
opposed to a "madman" attack), and deliberately target "non-combatants".
As
a form of unconventional warfare, terrorism is sometimes used when
attempting to force political change by: convincing a government or
population to agree to demands to avoid future harm or fear of harm,
destabilization of an existing government, motivating a disgruntled
population to join an uprising, escalating a conflict in the hopes of
disrupting the status quo, expressing a grievance, or drawing attention
to a cause.
The terms "terrorism" and "terrorist" (someone who
engages in terrorism) carry a strong negative connotation. These terms
are often used as political labels to condemn violence or threat of
violence by certain actors as immoral, indiscriminate, or unjustified.
Those labeled "terrorists" rarely identify themselves as such, and
typically use other generic terms or terms specific to their situation,
such as: separatist, freedom fighter, liberator, revolutionary,
vigilante, militant, paramilitary, guerrilla, rebel, jihadi or
mujaheddin, or fedayeen, or any similar-meaning word in other ********s.
Terrorism
has been used by a broad array of political organizations in furthering
their objectives; both right-wing and left-wing political parties,
nationalistic, and religious groups, revolutionaries and ruling
governments.[1] The presence of non-state actors in widespread armed
conflict has created controversy regarding the application of the laws
of war.
An International Roundtable on Constructing Peace,
Deconstructing Terror (2004) hosted by Strategic Foresight Group
recommended that a distinction should be made between terrorism and
acts of terror. While acts of terror are criminal acts as per the
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1373 and domestic
jurisprudence of almost all countries in the world, terrorism refers to
a phenomenon including acts, perpetrators of acts of terror and motives
of the perpetrators. There is a disagreement on definition of
terrorism. However, there is an intellectual consensus globally that
acts of terror should not be accepted under any circumstances. This is
reflected in all important conventions including the United Nations
counter terrorism strategy, outcome of the Madrid Conference on
terrorism and outcome of the Strategic Foresight Group and ALDE
roundtables at the European Parliament
_________________

*(^تــوقيــعي^)*
[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://swalfbanotat.alafdal.net
Essrae
مديـــرهـ المنتــــدى
مديـــرهـ المنتــــدى
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انثى عدد المساهمات : 503
تاريخ التسجيل : 31/07/2009
العمر : 22
الموقع : امــ الدنيـــ مصـــر ــــا
العمل/الترفيه : ☺☺
المزاج : FôKàK :D

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[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]

Brain drain

Every year developing countries lose a large amount
of highly skilled workers to developed countries.The exodus of these
workers is the result of political conflicts and/or economic issues.
Immigrating to developed countries such as the United States offers
both financial and social stability. However, the home country
experiences a brain drain crisis that negatively affects their social
and economic sector.

In developing countries, increased
unemployment among college graduates is the driving force behind
migration. These countries have limited employment opportunities for
highly skilled workers. According to the African Capacity Building
Foundation, "African countries lose 20,000 skilled personnel to the
developed world every year" (Sriskandarajah, 2005, para. 3). Moreover,
inflation, political strife and stagnant wages make emigration an
attractive solution.

The demand for skilled workers in the
global market increases the mobility of migrants. In developed
countries, industries such as information technology and health have
experienced growth, which results in the demand for more workers. The
open market allows employers to gain access to skilled professionals in
the developing countries. This flow of labor increases productivity in
the host country.

The lost of highly skilled workers affects
social and economic growth in developing countries. For instance,
Malawi is associated with one of the world's most severe nurse
shortages. According to Roisin, "More registered nurses have left to
work aboard than the 336 who remain in the country's public hospitals
and clinics that serve most of its 11.6 million people"( para 6). Lack
of these nurses affect the delivery of vital health services. Moreover,
the lost in human capital, decreases the country's overall growth.

When
the best and brightest leave after qualifications their country receive
little or no returns on their investments. In Africa, there is a high
demand for South African professionals in the global market. This is
attributed to the quality of training and education provided to them in
their field of study. However, the Caribbean has the greatest amount of
educated people living in the United States. According to Migration
Information Source, "roughly one-third of the Caribbean's college
educated population are living in the United States (Lowell, 2003,
para. 6). The largest impact are felt in Jamaica and Haiti, "which have
two-third of their college educated population living in the United
States " (Lowell, 2003, para 6).When these educated individuals
contribute to the development of the host country but their home
country's economic and social sector deteriorates.

In contrast,
supporters suggest that migration spur economic growth in developing
countries. Remittances from migrant workers increase the home country's
capital. According to Johnson (2006), "In some low income countries,
remittances can account for up to 15 percent of annual gross domestic
product" (para. 6). Most importantly, remittances develop
infrastructure and financial resources that facilitate growth.In
addition, diaspora communities promote "inward investments, technology
transfer and increased trade flows" (Skiskandarajah, 2005, para. 16).
The overall effect of brain drain is beneficial to developing countries.

However,
the United Nations developed numerous programs to combat the flight of
highly skilled workers. One such program is Transfer Knowledge through
Expatriates Nationals (TOKEN). This program encourages diaspora
communities to aid in the development of their country especially those
in post conflict areas. They facilitate development in countries such
as Africa, Lebanon and India.

---------------------------------------------

Leiure

.
What i do in my free time ? Well, i like to exercise and sports,
especially Karate. Just the same, i like to watch a football match or a
good film sometimes.
Music- now that`s somethingi like as much as
sport. I very often listen to music on the radio.but what i lke best is
reading books on biology,chemistry and physics. These are my favourite
subjects at school.what about friends? Ilike to be with them on Saturday

---------------------------------------------

racism
Racism
or racialism is a form of race, especially the belief that one race is
superior to another. Racism may be expressed individually and
consciously, through explicit thoughts, feelings, or acts, or socially
and unconsciously, through institutions that promote inequality between
races..
In the 19th century many legitimized racist beliefs and
practices through scientific theories about biological differences
among races. Today, most scientists have rejected the biological basis
of race or the validity of "race" as a scientific concept. Racism,
then, becomes discrimination based on alleged race. Racists themselves
usually do believe that humans are divided into different races.
There
are two main definitions of racism today. One of them states that
racism is dicrimination based on alleged race, the other - newer - one
states that racism has started to include also discrimination based on
religion or culture
_________________

*(^تــوقيــعي^)*
[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://swalfbanotat.alafdal.net
هلاليهـ وراسي عالي
بــنــــوتهـ مــنـ الادارهـ
بــنــــوتهـ مــنـ الادارهـ
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المزاج : فرحانهـ مررهـ وانشاء الله يفوز الهلال السعودي

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مشكورة كتير يسلمووو قلبوو

*(^تــوقيــعي^)*
][ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة][/url
تصدق وإلا ما تِصَدِّق .. أنا عَاجِزْ عَنْ التفكير*تعَالْ وشُوفْ في عينِيً غِيابكْ وشْ عَمَلْ فيني
حبيبي ما بُقى عِندي صَبرْ .. يتْحَمَّـلْ التأخير*رَحَلتْ .. وعِقبكْ الدنيا غلاها طاح مِن عيني
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://swalfbanotat.alafdal.net/index.htm?sid=9a189e65f4f028115a
Essrae
مديـــرهـ المنتــــدى
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انثى عدد المساهمات : 503
تاريخ التسجيل : 31/07/2009
العمر : 22
الموقع : امــ الدنيـــ مصـــر ــــا
العمل/الترفيه : ☺☺
المزاج : FôKàK :D

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العفوووووو حبيبتى
واااااااااجبى

*(^تــوقيــعي^)*
[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
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هلاليهـ وراسي عالي
بــنــــوتهـ مــنـ الادارهـ
بــنــــوتهـ مــنـ الادارهـ
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انثى عدد المساهمات : 309
تاريخ التسجيل : 31/08/2009
العمر : 21
الموقع : مكان خطير بس محد يعرفوا غير انا هع
العمل/الترفيه : اللعب وتجشيع الهلال السعودي هع
المزاج : فرحانهـ مررهـ وانشاء الله يفوز الهلال السعودي

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ثانكيو

*(^تــوقيــعي^)*
][ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة][/url
تصدق وإلا ما تِصَدِّق .. أنا عَاجِزْ عَنْ التفكير*تعَالْ وشُوفْ في عينِيً غِيابكْ وشْ عَمَلْ فيني
حبيبي ما بُقى عِندي صَبرْ .. يتْحَمَّـلْ التأخير*رَحَلتْ .. وعِقبكْ الدنيا غلاها طاح مِن عيني
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://swalfbanotat.alafdal.net/index.htm?sid=9a189e65f4f028115a
Essrae
مديـــرهـ المنتــــدى
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انثى عدد المساهمات : 503
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العمر : 22
الموقع : امــ الدنيـــ مصـــر ــــا
العمل/الترفيه : ☺☺
المزاج : FôKàK :D

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العفوووووو

*(^تــوقيــعي^)*
[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://swalfbanotat.alafdal.net
هلاليهـ وراسي عالي
بــنــــوتهـ مــنـ الادارهـ
بــنــــوتهـ مــنـ الادارهـ
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تاريخ التسجيل : 31/08/2009
العمر : 21
الموقع : مكان خطير بس محد يعرفوا غير انا هع
العمل/الترفيه : اللعب وتجشيع الهلال السعودي هع
المزاج : فرحانهـ مررهـ وانشاء الله يفوز الهلال السعودي

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مرسي

*(^تــوقيــعي^)*
][ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة][/url
تصدق وإلا ما تِصَدِّق .. أنا عَاجِزْ عَنْ التفكير*تعَالْ وشُوفْ في عينِيً غِيابكْ وشْ عَمَلْ فيني
حبيبي ما بُقى عِندي صَبرْ .. يتْحَمَّـلْ التأخير*رَحَلتْ .. وعِقبكْ الدنيا غلاها طاح مِن عيني
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://swalfbanotat.alafdal.net/index.htm?sid=9a189e65f4f028115a
Essrae
مديـــرهـ المنتــــدى
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انثى عدد المساهمات : 503
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العمل/الترفيه : ☺☺
المزاج : FôKàK :D

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[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة] العفوووووو

*(^تــوقيــعي^)*
[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
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الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
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